Benzodiazepines are the class of drugs that has Xanax in it. People going through anxiety face the issue of unbalancing of the chemicals of the brain. The Xanax (alprazolam) tends to balance the chemicals in the brain that are affected by the anxiety.
Xanax is the medicine that is used in the treatment of anxiety that is caused by depression, anxiety disorders, and panic disorders.
You should not consume Xanax if you have narrow-angle glaucoma. You should also avoid it if you are allergic to medicines such as diazepam (Valium), clonazepam (Klonopin), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), lorazepam (Ativan), oxazepam (Serax), and clorazepate (Tranxene). If you are consuming Ketoconazole or Itraconazole, then Xanax should be avoided.
Pregnant women are also not advised to take Xanax. Xanax in pregnancy is avoided because it tends to cause life-threatening withdrawal symptoms in babies or congenital disabilities.
There is a possibility that patients can become addicted to the medicine. This medicine tends to become habit-forming. The misuse and exploitation of medication can lead to addiction. The addiction to this medicine is very harmful, and it can cause overdose and even death.
A person should steer clear of alcohol while taking this medicine. The alcohol tends to enhance the effect of the drug. The prescription should be followed strictly while using this medicine because a person can become addicted to it if it is exploited. It should be stored in a secure place where others, especially children, cannot get it.
There is a class of drugs known as opioids. These medications increase the effect of Xanax. Using Xanax and opioids lead to extreme tiredness, deaccelerated breathing, coma, and in a worse case, death. Some of the opioid medicines are morphine, hydrocodone, and oxycodone.
As mentioned above, the Xanax belongs to the class of drugs known as benzodiazepines. The benzodiazepines are the depressants that are used in the treatment of muscle spasms, nervousness, panic disorders, insomnia, seizures, alcohol withdrawal, status epilepticus, and premenstrual syndrome.
The working principle of benzodiazepine is that they work by elevating the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid in the brain. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the neurotransmitter present in the brain that calm the mind and reduces anxiety and seizures.
Examples of benzodiazepines are Alprazolam (Xanax), clobazam (Onfi), clonazepam (Klonopin), clorazepate (Tranxene), and chlordiazepoxide (Librium), etc.
On the other hand, the opioids are the analgesics that are used for the treatment of severe pain. The working principle is that they adhere to the receptors on the nerves. The adherence increases the threshold to pain and lowers the perception of pain.
Examples of opioids are oxycodone, codeine, methadone, and morphine, etc.
It has been seen that the body tends to absorb Xanax quickly after you take it. The peak level of the Xanax in the blood is observed after 1-2 hours of taking it. The person starts to feel the effects of the medicine before the peak level.
There was a study conducted to analyse the onset time of the medicine. The study was conducted with 14 healthy people. The results depicted that the effects of the drug were seen within 1 hour. The average onset time that was depicted by the study was 49 minutes.
People who often consume Xanax build up a tolerance, and for them, it may take a bit longer to feel the effects of Xanax. Due to the tolerance to the medicine, the sedation effect may not be strong.
Measuring the half-life helps to find out how long the medicine will stay in the body/urine. The half-life is the time taken by half of the drug to be excreted out of the body.
Healthy adults show the half-life of 11 hours. In simple words, it is explained as 11 hours is taken by the body of a healthy person to eliminate the half dose of the medicine. The other important point is that the metabolism of persons varies, so the half-life will also differ from person to person.
Different studies have revealed that half-life of the Xanax is between the range of 6.3 to 26.9 hours. Every person has different half-life according to their metabolism.
Different factors play a role in the effects of Xanax. They influence how long the medicine’s effect will last. The various elements are weight, age, race, liver function, metabolism, dosage, and other medications as well.
Studies have depicted that the half-life of the Xanax tends to be higher in elderly adults than the younger ones. The average half-life in elderly adults is 16.3 hours, and on the other hand, 11 hours in younger adults.
Weight plays a vital role in the break down of Xanax. Obese individuals take longer time to breakdown the Xanax. The half-life of Xanax in obese individuals range from 9.9 to 40.4 hours. The average is 21.8 hours.
Another factor is the metabolism. People who have faster metabolism and exercise daily tend to excrete Xanax faster from their gut as compared to inactive people.
The condition of the liver also plays an important role in breaking down and metabolising the Xanax. People with the alcoholic liver disease tend to take a longer time to break down the medicine. 19.7 hours is the average half-life of Xanax in people with liver disease.
The dosage of the Xanax also affects the half-life. There are different dosages of Xanax available such as 0.25, 0.15, 1, and 2 milligrams. The higher doses tend to take longer time to metabolize by the body.
The total period that is from how long you are taking Xanax also affects the half-life. People who take Xanax regularly will have a higher amount of Xanax in their blood and body will demand a high amount of time to eliminate Xanax from the body.
The other factor seen is that the person may develop tolerance to the medicine due to taking medicine regularly. Because of this, the sedative effects are lowered.
Xanax is a medicine that is used for getting relief from different kind of anxiety disorders and panic disorders. Xanax also treats the generalized anxiety disorder that is abbreviated as GAD. The symptoms of GAD are muscle tension, restlessness, and elevated levels of anxiety are also treated by Xanax.
People with anxiety and stress remains in the constant state of worry and restlessness. Xanax tends to relax the person. It is the central nervous system depressant. It slows down the hyperactivity of CNS.
The effects of the brain chemical that is Xanax increases gamma-aminobutyric acid. This brain chemical produces calmness and relaxes the person. The level of excitement is decreased in the person by this drug, and the person feels stress-free and peaceful.
After taking Xanax, a person tends to feel anxiety-free, stress-free, and relaxed. The Xanax also lowers insomnia and muscle tension.
Ativan and Xanax both belong to the class of drugs known as benzodiazepines. They both are used in the treatment of psychiatric disorders and anxiety disorders. Ativan is the brand name of lorazepam and Xanax is the brand name of alprazolam.
The benzodiazepines family of drugs inhibits the excessive activity of the brain. They tend to calm and relax the mind. The person feels calm and relaxed after taking these drugs.
Ativan leaves the person’s system quickly as compared to Xanax. As Ativan leaves the person faster than Xanax, so the chances of side effects and toxicity are also reduced. Ativan is less toxic to the person as compared to Xanax.
The other difference between Ativan and Xanax is that Ativan has less unfavourable interaction with other medicines as compared to Xanax. Then adverse interactions that can occur are difficulty in breathing, coma, and even death when taken alcohol or other anti-anxiety medication.
Both the medicines have some of the side effects such as weakness, dizziness, memory problems, and sedation as well.
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