Anxiety is a reaction produced by the body due to stress. It is a feeling of restlessness, nervousness, and tension. It is caused by any kind of stress or trauma. It is basically a normal response of the body but some people experience its frequent episodes with intense symptoms. Its physical symptoms include high blood pressure, sweating, trembling, rapid breathing, and rapid heartbeat. Examples of anxiety disorders include:
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
- Separation Anxiety Disorder
- Panic disorder
- Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia)
What is anti anxiety?
Anti-anxiety medications are those medications that help in reducing the symptoms of anxiety such as nervousness, sweating, muscle tightness, and uneasiness and provide relief by inhibiting the action of some neurotransmitters in the brain. These medications include:
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
- Alpha-blockers (alpha-adrenergic antagonists)
- Monoamine oxidase inhibitors
- Antipsychotic medications
- Tricyclic antidepressants (Amitriptyline, Amoxapine, Desipramine, Doxepin)
Benzodiazepines are the most commonly prescribed drugs for anxiety as Xanax (alprazolam), Valium (diazepam), Klonopin (clonazepam), and Ativan (lorazepam). But they are used for the short term management because they can be addictive and can cause drowsiness, memory, and balance problems. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are two antidepressants that are considered a first line treatment for anxiety and depression. Furthermore, tricyclic antidepressants are also prescribed by some doctors for anxiety treatments.
What are the causes of anxiety?
Anxiety can be due to many reasons like underlying health conditions, life events, family history, personality factors, and substance use.
In some medical illnesses, anxiety is the first symptom to appear. These medical issues include:
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Drug misuse
- Drug withdrawal
- Withdrawal from alcohol
- Thyroid problems (hyperthyroidism)
- Chronic pain or irritable bowel syndrome
- Anti-anxiety medications (benzodiazepines)
- Respiratory disorders (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma)
- Family issues
- Relationship problems
- Work stress
- School, college stress
- Financial stress
- Death or loss of a loved one
- A traumatic event like an accident
- Stress from any medical disease
- Physical, verbal, and psychological trauma
People who have any issues with their personality can also become a victim of anxiety. These factors include:
- Lack of confidence
- Lack of self esteem
- Controlling behaviors
The use of some drugs like cocaine can also trigger the symptoms of anxiety. Other drugs include:
- ADHD Drugs
- Thyroid Medicine
- Medicine for Parkinson's Disease (levodopa)
- Medicines for asthma
- Anti-seizure drugs
Moreover, a positive family history like if your father, mother, or any other blood relative suffers from anxiety there is a chance you would develop that too. The use of alcohol and withdrawal from it can also cause anxiety and depressive symptoms.
How do anti-anxiety treatments work?
Anti anxiety medications like Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) work by increasing the number of certain neurotransmitters like serotonin (a neurotransmitter that allows communication of the brain cells) in the brain. When the amount of serotonin increases, better communication occurs within brain cells which will ultimately relieve anxiety.
Benzodiazepines work by increasing the neurotransmitter gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA). It slows down the central nervous system which will produce a relaxing and calming effect on the brain, ultimately relieving anxiety.
Beta blockers work by blocking the receptors so the signals could not reach their target.
Tricyclic anti depressants work by inhibiting the reabsorption of serotonin and nor-epinephrine in the brain. If the amount of these neurotransmitters increases, anxiety could occur. So tricyclic antidepressants balance them and help them to function normally.
There are some other treatments for anxiety which include behavior, cognitive, psychological therapies, exercises, yoga, and meditation which work by producing a calming effect on the brain. Breathing techniques are mostly helpful in relaxing mind. Taking deep breaths for long and short periods can relax the mind and body as well.
Types of Anti Anxiety treatments
First-line treatment for anxiety is SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) and serotonin and nor-epinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). Other medications that can treat anxiety and panic disorders include :
- Diazepam (Valium)
- Lorazepam (Ativan)
- Nitrazepam (Mogadon)
- Alprazolam (Xanax)
- Fluoxetine (Prozac)
- Citalopram (Celexa)
- Tricyclic antidepressants
- Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (isocarboxazid (Marplan), phenelzine (Nardil), selegiline (Emsam), tranylcypromine (Parnate)
Besides medication, there are other treatments present for treating anxiety. Other treatment options for anxiety disorders include:
- Breathing techniques
- Dietary adjustments
- Cognitive therapy
- Behavior therapy
- Exposure therapy
Other than these medications cognitive therapy is most commonly performed. It is a short term treatment that helps in returning to all those activities that the patient has been avoiding. A therapy named the 3-3-3 rule (look around your surroundings and name three things you see, three things you hear, and move three body parts like a finger, foot, or hands) is performed as well. Another therapy 54321 (Start with deep breathing. Breathe in for 5 seconds, hold the breath for 5 seconds, and breathe out for 5 seconds) is also performed. Exposure therapy includes accepting your fears in front of others. All these therapies help in improving motor coordination and calming the brain. Moreover, exercise helps in burning stress chemicals in the brain and promoting relaxation. Performing breathing techniques will calm the brain and relieve anxiety. Doing exercise can help in reducing anxiety by triggering chemicals in the brain that will stimulate positive emotions.
Diet also plays a major role in treating anxiety for example deficiency of magnesium can lead to anxiety and depression so a magnesium-rich diet plan is given to anxiety patients. Caffeine and nicotine trigger adrenal glands to release stress chemicals so caffeine and nicotine should be avoided. The use of fresh food and fruits should be promoted in anxiety patients' seizures. Furthermore, eating a diet enriched with zinc, and vitamin B help in decreasing anxiety symptoms.
Side effects of anti anxiety medications
Every drug comes with side effects. Side effects of anti anxiety drugs include:
- Drowsiness Or Fatigue
- Loss Of Memory or Concentration
- Difficulty urinating
- Dry Mouth
- Stomach Upset
- Increased Blood Pressure
- Problems With Balance, Coordination, Or Speech
- Sexual Problems Or Erectile Dysfunction
- Sleep Problems
- Sweating More Than Usual
- Increase In Appetite
- Cold hands and feet
Long term use of anti anxiety medications usually has adverse effects on health. They are used for short term treatment for 2 to 4 weeks. Long term use of these medications can interfere with the CNS functioning. It can cause drowsiness, confusion, forgetfulness, dizziness, and emotional and physical dependence on the medication. These medications can be habit forming. They can cause emotional and physical dependence. Some people also develop tolerance against these medications if taken for a prolonged time. So, long term use of these medications should be avoided.
Best Anti Anxiety treatment online
The best anti anxiety medication online available are Xanax (alprazolam) and diazepam. Some websites like ibuyalprazolam.com are selling this medicine online. But it is better if you visit the doctor first so that he can diagnose you properly and then prescribe you anti anxiety medication.
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